Instructions:

Indicate the vehicle’s body type/configuration.

Definition:

Indicates the general configuration of this motor vehicle.

Rationale:

This data element provides information about the general configuration of the motor vehicle that is important for evaluating the types of motor vehicles that have the most crashes and the effectiveness of various safety countermeasures.

CodeAttributeDefinitionExample
1Passenger CarThis attribute refers to motor vehicles used primarily for carrying passengers.
2Light Truck (Van, Mini-Van, Pick-Up, Sport Utility)Trucks (van, mini-van, panel, pickup, sport utility) of 10,000 lbs. GVWR or less.
3MotorcycleA motor vehicle with two or three wheels in contact with the ground (excluding trailers suitable for motorcycle hauling) and having a seat or a saddle for driver and passenger as well as possessing wheel rim diameters of 10 inches or more. A motorcycle may or may not have an enclosure over the driver and passenger.
4Bus (Seats for 16 or More, Including Driver)A motor vehicle with seating for transporting 16 or more persons, including the driver.
5Bus (Seats 9-15 People Including Driver)A motor vehicle with seating for transporting 9 to 15 persons, including the driver.
6Single Unit Truck (2 Axles, 6 Tires)A truck tractor (power unit) that includes a permanently mounted cargo body (also called a straight truck) that has only two axles and a GVWR of over 10,000 pounds.
7Single Unit Truck (3 or more Axles)A truck tractor (power unit) that includes a permanently mounted cargo body (also called a straight truck) that has three or more axles.
8Truck/TrailerA motor vehicle combination consisting of a single-unit truck and a trailer.
9Truck Tractor (Bobtail)A motor vehicle consisting of a single motorized transport device designed primarily for pulling semi-trailers.
10Tractor/Semi-TrailerA truck tractor that is pulling a semi-trailer.
11Tractor/DoublesA truck tractor that is pulling a single semi-trailer and one full- trailer.
12Tractor/TriplesA truck tractor that is pulling a single semi-trailer and two full- trailers.
13Unknown Heavy TruckIf this attribute is used, an explanation in the narrative is recommended.
14Motor Home/RecreationalA van where a frame-mounted recreational unit is added behind the driver or cab area or mounted on a bus/truck chassis that is suitable to live in and drive across the country.
15MopedA motor vehicle Possessing two wheels in contact with the ground, a seat or saddle for driver and passenger, a steering handle bar, and a brake horsepower not exceeding 2 HP. Unlike motorcycles, a moped by definition cannot include an enclosure.
16Low Speed VehicleA low speed vehicle (LSV) is a motor vehicle with four or more wheels whose top speed is greater than 20 miles per hour, but not greater than 25 miles per hour. LSVs are required to be equipped with basic safety equipment items: headlamps, stop lamps, turn signal lamps, tail lamps, reflex reflectors, parking brake, windshields of either type AS-1 or type AS-5 glazing, rearview mirrors, seat belts and vehicle identification numbers (VINs).
17All Terrain Vehicle (ATV)A small motor vehicle with one or two seats and three or more wheels fitted with large tires, designed for use on rough and uneven ground.
18SnowmobileA motor vehicle used for traveling over snow, usually with runners/skies in the front and caterpillar tracks in the rear.
97Other e.g.. Farm EquipmentApplies to body styles that do not fit any of the other attributes such as farm equipment or heavy machinery. If this attribute is used, an explanation is recommended.
99UnknownIf this attribute is used, an explanation is recommended.

Accuracy Checks

  • If the Vehicle Configuration Code indicates ‘motorcycle’ or ‘moped’, then the only applicable Safety System Used would be ‘helmet’ or ‘unknown’.
  • If the Vehicle Configuration Code is ‘motorcycle’ or ‘moped’, then Ejection Code must be ‘not applicable’.
  • If the Moped field is checked, the Vehicle Configuration Code must also indicate ‘moped’.

Data Quality Audit Results

Report TypeAcceptableInconsistentInvalidEmpty
Local Police (electronic)59195.8%91.5%172.8%
Local Police (paper)60494.8%60.9%10.2%264.1%
State Police (electronic)60998.1%61.0%61.0%
Total180496.2%211.1%10.1%492.6%