Instructions:

Indicate the commercial vehicle’s body type using the list provided.

Definition:

The type of body for buses and trucks more than 10,000 lbs. Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR).

Rationale:

This data element provides additional information about the motor vehicle, including all major cargo body types. The information it provides can be important in helping FMCSA make decisions on regulatory strategies for different types of motor vehicles.

CodeAttributeDefinitionExample
0Not Applicable/No Cargo BodyIf this attribute is used, an explanation in the narrative is recommended.
1Bus (Seats for 16 or More, Including Driver)A motor vehicle with seating for transporting 16 or more persons, including the driver.
2Bus (Seats 9-15 People Including Driver)A motor vehicle with seating for transporting 9 to 15 persons, including the driver.
3VanA single-unit truck, truck/trailer, or tractor/semi-trailer with an enclosed body integral to the frame of the motor vehicle.
4Grain/Gravel TruckA cargo body type used for hauling grain, gravel or other similar bulk commodities. They may be referred to as “open hoppers” or “belly dumps.”
5Pole-TrailerA trailer designed to be attached to the towing vehicle by means of a reach or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing motor vehicle, and ordinarily used for carrying property of a long or irregular shape.
6Cargo TankA single-unit truck, truck/trailer, or tractor semi-trailer with a cargo body designed to transport dry bulk (fly, ash, etc.), liquid bulk (gasoline, milk, etc.) or gas bulk (propane, etc.).
7FlatbedA single-unit truck, truck/trailer, or tractor/semi-trailer whose body is without sides or roof, with or without readily removable stakes which may be tied together with chains, slats, or panels. This includes trucks transporting containerized loads.
8DumpA cargo body type that can be tilted or otherwise manipulated to discharge its load by gravity.
9Concrete MixerA single-unit truck with a body specifically designed to mix or agitate concrete.
10Auto TransporterA cargo body type that is specifically designed to transport multiple, fully assembled automobiles. Single-unit flatbed tow-trucks hauling cars DO NOT qualify. Auto transporters are typically configured as truck-trailers.
11Garbage TruckA single-unit truck with a body specifically designed to collect and transport garbage or refuse. This includes both conventional rear loading and over-the-top bucket loading garbage trucks.
12No Cargo Body-(Bobtail, Light Motor Vehicle with Hazardous Materials [HM], Placard, Etc.)Refers to passenger vehicles that are recorded here because they are placarded for hazardous materials AND for vehicles with no cargo hauling capability such as fire trucks or truck tractors without a trailer. A tow truck without a vehicle attached should be considered ‘no cargo body’. However, if a vehicle is attached the correct Cargo Body Type is ‘vehicle towing another vehicle’.
13LogTrailers with a fixed middle beam and side support posts specifically designed for carrying logs. If the trailer can telescope to carry different log lengths, then it should be considered a pole trailer.
14Intermodal Container ChassisA trailer specifically designed to have a rail or ship container mounted directly on the chassis. These should not be confused with van/enclosed box cargo body types. Intermodal containers may also be mounted on a flatbed trailer, in which case ‘flatbed’ is the cargo body type.
15Vehicle Towing Another VehicleRefers to vehicles that have no cargo carrying capability but are in the act of towing another motor vehicle. These are often called “drive-away, tow-aways” and will be applicable to tow trucks and specially rigged truck tractors.
97OtherThis attribute is used when the cargo body type is other than the body types listed above. This includes pickups greater than 10,000 lbs. without a trailer. This does not include a pickup pulling a trailer (truck/trailer); use the Cargo Body Type of the attached trailer in these situations. If this attribute is used, an explanation in the narrative is recommended.
99UnknownIf this attribute is used, an explanation in the narrative is recommended.

Other Related Fields

Vehicle Configuration