Identify whether a bus was being used at the time of the crash, and if so, how it was being used.


Describes the common type of bus service this vehicle was being used as at the time of the crash. Buses are any motor vehicle with seats to transport nine (9) or more people, including the driver’s seat. This element does not include vans which are owned and operated for personal use. Refer to the Glossary for attribute definitions.


This data element provides additional information to evaluate the outcome of motor vehicles used as buses that are involved in crashes.

Code Attribute Definition Example
0 Not a Bus A vehicle that does not have a bus body type and is not being used as a bus in the accident. This attribute should be used for vehicles with less than 9 seats (including the driver) and personal-use vans with 9 or more seats (including the driver).
1 School A motor vehicle which meets the definition of a bus and is being used by a public or private school, a district, or contracted carrier operating on behalf of the entity, for the transportation of any school pupil at or below the 12th-grade level to or from a school or school-related activity. A motor vehicle is not a school bus while on trips which involve the transportation exclusively of other passengers or exclusively for other purposes.
2 Transit/Commuter A government entity or private company providing passenger transportation over fixed, scheduled routes, within primarily urban geographical areas. (For example, inner-city mass transit bus service.)
3 Intercity A company providing for-hire, long-distance passenger transportation between cities over fixed routes with regular schedules, including cross-country buses and bus services between cities that do not share borders (for example, Greyhound bus service between major cities).
4 Charter/Tour A company providing transportation on a for-hire basis and demand-response basis, usually round-trip service for a tour group or outing. This includes limousines designed for carrying nine or more persons (including the driver).
5 Shuttle Private companies providing transportation services for their own employees, non-governmental organizations (such as churches and non-profit groups), and non-educational units of government (such as departments of corrections). (Examples include transporting people from airports, hotels, rental car companies, and business facility to facility.)
99 Unknown If this attribute is used, an explanation in the narrative is recommended.

Accuracy Checks

  • If the value recorded for School Bus Related is ‘yes’, the value recorded for Bus Use should be ‘school’ in relation to the applicable motor vehicle.