Identify the non-motorist’s location at the time of the crash.


The location of the non-motorist with respect to the roadway at the time of crash.


By the collecting the location of the non-motorist at the time of crash, this element is important for developing effective roadway design and operation, education, and enforcement measures to accommodate pedestrians and cyclists and prevent crashes with motor vehicles.

Code Attribute Definition Example
1 Marked Crosswalk at Intersection A marked crosswalk is the portion of the roadway that is distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface of the roadway.
2 At Intersection but no Crosswalk Indicates an intersection, but not within a location typically designated for non-motorists to cross the roadway. At Intersection But No Crosswal
3 Non-Intersection Crosswalk Indicates a crosswalk within a location that is not an intersection.
4 In Roadway Non-motorist in roadway, such as a child playing or a mechanic working on a motor vehicle.
5 Not in Roadway This attribute should be used for a non-motorist that was struck while outside the trafficway boundaries. For example a person in a building/house, in their front yard or private driveway, or a person in a parking lot stall or aisle.
6 Median (But not on Shoulder) An area of trafficway between parallel roads separating travel in opposite directions. A median should be four or more feet wide. A median can be depressed, raised, or flush with the travel way surface. A median if flush or painted without a barrier must be four or more feet wide. Median (But not on Shoulder)
7 Island A cement or grassy area in the middle of a trafficway. Island
8 Shoulder That part of a trafficway for emergency use, accommodation of stopped motor vehicles, and lateral support of the roadway structure, sharing a common border with the roadway.
9 Sidewalk Any improved surface primarily constructed for use by pedestrians. Do not select this attribute for sidewalks within a ‘driveway’, ‘median (but not on shoulder)’, ‘island’ or ‘not in roadway’.
10 Shared-Use Paths or trails A bikeway physically separated from motor vehicle traffic by an open space or barrier. They may also be used by pedestrians, skaters, wheelchair users, joggers, and other non-motorized users. Most have two-way travel.
99 Unknown Indicates that the non-motorist’s location was not known at the time of the crash. If this attribute is used, explanation in the narrative is recommended.


Attributes 1, 2, and 3 take precedent over 4.

Accuracy Checks

  • If this field is complete, confirm the non-motorist check box is also indicated.

Data Quality Audit Results

Report Type Acceptable Inconsistent Invalid Empty
Local Police (electronic) 15 78.9% 1 5.3% 3 15.8%
Local Police (paper) 8 57.1% 6 42.9%
State Police (electronic) 1 33.3% 2 66.7%
Total 24 66.7% 3 8.3% 9 25.0%

The Non-Motorist Location field was completed in an acceptable way in 67 percent (24 of 36) of the reports reviewed. Of the three police submission types, the State Police had the lowest acceptable rate, at about 33 percent of their reports (1 of 3). The biggest issue for local police was that for paper submissions, about 43 percent (6 of 14) of the reports had this field left blank.