Identify the non-motorist’s location at the time of the crash.


The location of the non-motorist with respect to the trafficway at the time of crash.


By the collecting the location of the non-motorist at the time of crash, this element is important for developing effective roadway design and operation, education, and enforcement measures to accommodate pedestrians and cyclists and prevent crashes with motor vehicles.

Code Attribute Definition Example
1 Marked Crosswalk at Intersection A distinctly indicated feature for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface within the contiguous lateral curb or boundary lines of the intersection, a crossing or connecting of two or more roadways.
2 At Intersection but no Crosswalk Within the contiguos lateral curb or boundary lines stemming from an intersection of two or more roadways crossing or connecting, and does not contain lines or other markings to indicate pedestrian crossing. At Intersection But No Crosswal
3 Non-Intersection Crosswalk A distinctly indicated pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the roadway surface but not within operational distance of any multi-road intersection.
4 In Roadway In roadway, indicates the presence of a non-motorist in the trafficway ordinarily used for motor vehicle travel. Includes situations such as a child playing, a mechanic working on a motor vehicle, as well as multi-modal use including walking & cycling.
5 Not in Roadway This attribute should be used for a non-motorist that was struck while outside the trafficway boundaries. For example a person in a building/house, in their front yard or private driveway, or a person in a parking lot stall or aisle.
6 Median (But not on Shoulder) An area of trafficway between parallel roads separating travel in opposite directions. A median should be four or more feet wide. A median can be depressed, raised, or flush with the travel way surface. A median if flush or painted without a barrier must be four or more feet wide. Median (But not on Shoulder)
7 Island A cement or grassy area in the middle of a trafficway. Island
8 Shoulder Presence of a non-motorist on the part of a trafficway which is contiguous with the roadway for emergency use, accommodation of stopped motor vehicles, and lateral support of the roadway structure. Includes situations such as vehicle occupants outside of their vehicles temporarily or maintenance/emergency personnel on location for unrelated events.
9 Sidewalk Any improved surface primarily constructed for use by pedestrians. Do not select this attribute for sidewalks within a ‘driveway’, ‘median (but not on shoulder)’, ‘island’ or ‘not in roadway’.
10 Shared-Use Paths or trails A trafficway specifically separated and designated as being open for travel by pedalcycle, as well as other non-motorized users.
99 Unknown Indicates that the non-motorist’s location was not known at the time of the crash. If this attribute is used, explanation in the narrative is recommended.


Attributes 1, 2, and 3 take precedent over 4.

Accuracy Checks

  • If this field is complete, confirm the non-motorist check box is also indicated.

Data Quality Audit Results

Report Type Acceptable Inconsistent Invalid Empty
Local Police (electronic) 15 78.9% 1 5.3% 3 15.8%
Local Police (paper) 8 57.1% 6 42.9%
State Police (electronic) 1 33.3% 2 66.7%
Total 24 66.7% 3 8.3% 9 25.0%

The Non-Motorist Location field was completed in an acceptable way in 67 percent (24 of 36) of the reports reviewed. Of the three police submission types, the State Police had the lowest acceptable rate, at about 33 percent of their reports (1 of 3). The biggest issue for local police was that for paper submissions, about 43 percent (6 of 14) of the reports had this field left blank.